Chads History

Emily Randall
May 18, 2010
Period 2

The continent of Africa has always been raised in havoc. Amongst these countries that are undergoing these atrocities is Chad. Chad is located directly under Libya and is barely liable to be in sub-Saharan Africa. Like all the countries in Africa, Chad has its shares of misfortunes. In this essay, you will learn how Chad became the way it was and how it is today.
In the age of imperialism, France claimed the land that is now Chad and dubbed it the French Equatorial Africa. The French were interested in the agricultural benefits that came with Chad and therefore education for the Chadian children was virtually nonexistent. Though, after World War II ended, the Chadian people began to make their own political parties and the French began to feel intimidated. In the 1960s, Chad gained its independence from France and became its own country. The political party that was ideal to France before Chads independence became the dominant political party afterwards. The new president, president Tambalbaye, made little to no effort to help the people of Chad and with that the FROLINAT, or Chadian rebels, were created. By the mid-1970s the president was overthrown and by 1975 he was murdered by the very people that he personally selected to serve in his army.
As an economic power, Chad often suffers from bad geographic location, drought and competition. Before 2003, the main exports were livestock and agricultural items. Though, as of 2003, Chads main exports became oil due to the new wells opened up in rural Chad. Chads main trading partner is Libya which supplies them with manufactured goods and livestock. Though, because of the competition in the oil industry, Chad soon hit an economic downfall. Its not helpful that Chads gross rate per capita is considerably low and the economy is experiencing inflation. Though the economy has hit a rough patch in the past, statistics have shown that the economy is looking up for the years of 2009 and 2010.
AIDS is a murderous epidemic that takes the lives of millions, primarily in sub-Saharan Africa. The Chadian population consists of 10,300,000 people, 200,000 of which are living with AIDS. About three quarters of the people living with this disease are women over the age of fifteen and the other minority is mostly children. In the year of 2007, AIDS took the lives of over 14,000 people. Thankfully, the Chadian government is taking steps to educate the people of Chad about sexually transmitted diseases. The areas of Chad mostly effected by AIDS is in the rural areas due to its lack of medical assistance. Though, in recent years Chad has improved in death rates due to the medical help that is being sent by the UN and the WHO.
If the world begins to look on the improvements of Chad and follows their lead, we will begin to see a major reduction in the death rates caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Chad has become a major example of what to do when an epidemic of this level hits one of the poorest countries in Africa in one of the poorest regions of the world. Also, Chad has done exceptionally well in the areas of improving the economics of its standards. Hopefully in the near future, Chad will become an economic power and be an example for the rest of south Africa.