Gay Marriage an Annotated Bibliography

Bumiller, Elisabeth. ???Bush Backs Ban in Constitution on Gay Marriages.??? New York Times,
February 25, 2004, p.A1. An American journalist and author who is currently a national affairs correspondent for the New York Times.Saying the union of a man and a woman is the most fundamental institution of civilization, President George W. Bush declares his support for an amendment to the Constitution that would ban same sex marriage. The discussion is to against the union of homosexuality, so this source provides a strong appeal to authority in support of anti-gay marriage,
Campton, Louis. Homosexuality and Civilization. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press, 2003.
An early pioneer of Homosexuality studies, attempts the monumental task of chronicling the history of homosexuality in parts of Asia from ancient Greece and Rome, Europe, Arab Spain, imperial China, and pre-Meiji Japan, as well as the reigns of such Western rulers as Jams I of England and Queen Christina of Sweden. However, Crampton??™s central focus is the persecution of homosexuals by religious authorities of homoerotic imagery in the art of the period. His book also serves as a rebuke to the post structuralist school of thought, which maintains that modern ideas of homosexual identity can not be transposed to other historical periods. This source provides first- hand accounts of majority historical of homosexuality, and as such may provide a strong appeal to logic in support of gay marriage.
Gerstman, Evan. Same-Sex Marriage and the Constitution. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 2008. Gertsman is a chair of the political science department at Loyola Marymount University, and an expert on same-sex marriage and constitutional law has written extensively about gay civil rights and is the author of ???The Constitutional Underclass: Gays, Lesbians, and the Failure of Class-Based Equal Protection.??? Does the Constitution protect the right to same- sex marriage Gerstman examines the legal debate and asks whether, in a democratic society, the courts, rather than voters, should resolve the question. He argues that marriage was one of the first fundamental rights the Supreme Court acknowledged, and as such, gay marriage is an important response to the Constitution??™s promise of legal equality. Gerstmann??™s book was cited five times in the Connecticut Supreme Court??™s decision that gave same-sex couples in Connecticut a constitutional right to marry.
Levay, Simon.???Homosexuality Is Biologically Determined.??? Homosexuality. Ed. Helen Cothran.
San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. A neurobiologist has authored several books including the Science of Sex and Queer Scienc. Levay claimed to have found a link between brain structure and homosexuality. Sexuality orientation, like any other durable aspect of our mental lives, must have some structural or chemical representation within the brain, for it survives the temporary extinction of all brain activity. In that sense, sexual orientation must be ???biological???. This source provides a strong appeal to emotion in support of gay marriage.
Moats, David. Civil Wars: Gay Marriage in America. NewYork: Harcourt, 2004. Moats
chronicles the battle over gay marriage in Vermont, which culminated in 2000 with the first state law allowing gay civil unions. Moats, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his editorials supporting the law, brings a balanced perspective and an urgency to the judicial and legislative drama. His goal is to answer the following question, ???how did such a thing happen in Vermont??? The resulting book is as much a history of liberalism in that state as it is replay of the matrimonial conflict. Included are transcripts of Vermont citizens??™ testimony before the legislature in support of the law. This source provides a strong support of gay marriage.
Phelan, Shane. Sexual Strangers: Gay, lesbians, and Dilemmas of Citizenship. Philadelphia:
Temple University Press, 2001. Phelan is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of New Mexico. She is the author or editor of several books on lesbian and gay politics, most recently Playing with Fire: Queer Politics, Queer Theories. She is the chair of the American Political Science Associations Committee on the Status of Lesbians and Gays in the Profession. In this book, Phelan introduces the idea of the United States as a ???heterosexual regime.??? She questions whether Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender/Transsexual (LGBT) people can be seen as citizens in a cultural context that limits their political and social visibility, relegating them to the ambiguous category of ???strangers??? to full participation and acceptance. She urges the reader to embrace what she terms ???strangeness??? as a means of achieving inclusive citizenship for everyone. This source provides a strong appeal to emotion in support of being born as homosexual.
Rauch, Jonathan. Gay Marriage: Why It Is Good For Gays, Good for Straight, and Good
for America. New York: Times Books, 2004. Rauch is a successful American author, journalist, and activist; offers a thoughtful reasoned argument for the eventual integration of same sex marriage into national life. He favors a gradual, state by state approach to advancing the cause of gay marriage throughout the United States, stressing that gay activists must give straight America time to adjust to the new reality. He argues that civil unions offer a ???marriage-lite??? version of wedded commitment that can only weaken the institution for both gay and straights, and that only full matrimonial rights and responsibilities can rescue gays and lesbians from a lifetime of perpetual; adolescence.
Roughgarden, Joan. Evolution??™s Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. Roughgarden is a sophisticated American biologist and evolutionary biologist. In this innovative celebration of diversity and individuality in animals and humans, Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. She presents examples of nonbinary gender and sexual behavior among hundreds of species of fish, birds, reptiles, and mammals, including primates, and posits that contemporary Darwinian sexual selection theory betrays a cultural bias against homosexuality. Her source provides a strong appeal to logic or reasoning in support of sexual behavior of homosexuality read this article
Sullivan, Andrew. ???The Roman Catholic Church Should Sanction Gay Marriage.???
Homosexuality. Ed. Mary Williams. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999. A senior editor of the weekly magazine New Republic and the author of Virtually Normal: An Argument about Homosexuality .Sullivan argues that the Roman Catholic Church has no legitimate reason to oppose gay marriage. Although the church explicitly sanctions loving, procreative marriages, it also expresses compassion for infertile and elderly couples by allowing them to marry even though they cannot produce children, he points out. Since people do not choose their sexual orientation, Sullivan argues, the church should extend its compassion to gays and lesbians by offering them the sacrament of marriage. This source provides a strong argument against the Catholic Church in support of gay marriage.
Warner, Michael. The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics and the Ethics if Queer Life. New
York: Free Press, 1999. Warner is a literary critic, social theorist, and Senior Professor of English Literature and American Studies at Yale University. He adds a provocative view to the debate on gay marriage; suggesting that rather than trying to assimilate into the world of ???normality,??? gay men and lesbians make common cause with other groups that are excluded from the definition of normality. He is particularly concerned about the tendency for gay men and lesbians to see marriage as a means to become ???normal???; in Warner??™s view, marriage is inappropriate to the sexual relationships of many people, both gay and straight and is unethical in its arbitrary denial of rights to unmarried people. His book provides the ideas of why marriage is important for homosexuals